Population Of India 2013 Essay Help

Every third person in an Indian city today is a youth. In about seven years, the median individual in India will be 29 years, very likely a city-dweller, making it the youngest country in the world. India is set to experience a dynamic transformation as the population burden of the past turns into a demographic dividend, but the benefits will be tempered with social and spatial inequalities.

These are some of the findings of the ‘State of the Urban Youth, India 2012: Employment, Livelihoods, Skills,’ a report published by IRIS Knowledge Foundation in collaboration with UN-HABITAT.

A closer analysis of the urban youth suggests that greater political participation, engagement at a policy level and urgent attention to improving their quality of life can ensure that India enjoys the benefits of this dividend.

The report traces the incredible rise — and the eventual decline — of this cohort in India. The population in the age-group of 15-34 increased from 353 million in 2001 to 430 million in 2011. Current predictions suggest a steady increase in the youth population to 464 million by 2021 and finally a decline to 458 million by 2026.

By 2020, India is set to become the world’s youngest country with 64 per cent of its population in the working age group. With the West, Japan and even China aging, this demographic potential offers India and its growing economy an unprecedented edge that economists believe could add a significant 2 per cent to the GDP growth rate.

But the report suggests urban spaces have not necessarily aided the quality of life enjoyed by Indian youth. A telling sign: one-fifth of the Indian urban population lives on less than a dollar a day. Additionally, the report finds that while income levels in cities may appear to be higher, the cost of living is also constantly increasing, resulting in shrinking savings, inadequate access to health care and lack of quality education. Maternal mortality remains the ‘top cause of death among young women.’ Further, more than half of young urban women are anaemic, pointing to inadequate food and nutrition.

The report’s findings indicate that the problem is not urbanisation per se but the inequalities that it seems to accentuate.

While India is undergoing a demographic transition, regional disparities in education mean the benefits will not be evenly spread across the country. The report says the southern and western States will be the first to experience a growth dividend as they accounted for 63 per cent of all formally trained people. The largest share of youth with formal skills was found in Kerala, followed by Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat. Among those undergoing training, Maharashtra had the highest share, Bihar the lowest.

The unequal access to opportunity and the lack of emphasis on education remains a persistent problem. The report finds that a person in an urban area has a 93 per cent greater chance of acquiring training than someone in a rural area.

With the continuous rise in the young Indian population, India is growing younger. There is a “demographic dividend” which needs to be exploited. As per the findings of the ‘State of the Urban Youth, India 2012: Employment, Livelihoods, Skills,’ a report published by IRIS Knowledge Foundation in collaboration with UN-HABITAT, every third person in an Indian city today is a youth. In about seven years, the median individual age in India will be 29 years, very likely a city-dweller, making it the youngest country in the world.

No discussion in India about environment, health, employment and various other issues can be carried away by skipping the burning issue of rising population. With 1.2 Billion populations (17% of entire world population) India is the second most populated country after People’s Republic of China. However, set to be utilized in a channelized manner Indian Population will prove to be a valuable asset rather than a liability.

Rising population an asset, how?

The youth segment of India’s population is growing rapidly, and is projected to continue to do so for the next 30 years. This demographic dividend has the potential to inject new dynamism into country’s flagging economy if the state acts quickly on health, education and employment. Right now more than 50% of India’s population is below 25 which can be tapped for all round socio-economic growth of the nation as the young workforce has more innovative minds.

Except China no country in the world has such a big man power as India has which is indeed a blessing for the country. Such a huge and skilled man power coupled with resources needs to be regarded as an asset. The huge population offers a bigger pool of human resource and hence a bigger consumer market. Our population will remain our strength only when we have the power, strength and will to feed the people, provide them clothing and shelter, good education, health care and jobs and. In the past decade, India has emerged as a major back office to the world with global firms outsourcing work to take advantage of the country's less expensive, educated, young English-speaking workforce. India produces 2.5 million IT, engineering and life sciences graduates a year, besides about 650,000 post graduates in science and IT related subjects. The IT sector alone employs about 850,000 graduates and professionals while the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors are snapping up others.

Near about 402 million Indians are aged between 15 and 59 - the working age - and this number is expected to grow to 820 million by 2020.

For the all-round progress of a large nation, it is essential that its entire population contributes significantly in diverse areas and sectors of the economy. A talented and hard working population can easily emerge as a source of national development. A country like India can use vast natural resources coupled with the huge manpower to make the country progress in the right direction. In India there are more workers than dependents, which is good for the development of any economy.

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How to channelize the continuously rising population?

No capital in the world can substitute the human capital, the Indian state and the government need to properly utilize its skilled and talented population. There is a need for increase in employment opportunities in the rural areas to make the productive use of people’s skills. We cannot talk about rising population without taking into account the problems of corruption, poverty and illiteracy which go hand in hand and have been creating hurdle in the country’s progress as a whole. There is a need for the implementation of the government schemes like National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme in the rural areas at a massive scale so that more and more people are able to join the national mainstream. There is no doubt that India has one of the most highly skilled population and these skills need to be used for employment generation.

There is a need to make the rural population of the country more and more literate and bring them out of poverty. The schools in the villages need to be made more developed with the curriculum and education system matching with that of the schools in the cities. The schemes like Mid Day meal need to be implemented properly and honestly and the education system in the rural areas should be made more attractive so that the rural children are attracted towards studies.  The public schemes targeting the poor need to be implemented properly and honestly because after that it would be easy to bring the large chunk of the country’s population into national mainstream so that they are able to play a decisive role in nation building. There is a need for various job schemes in the interior regions where there is not much industrial activity.

Conclusion

The advantages of such a large population can be had for the making the country more developed and to achieve these goal policies must be made to harness the potential of country’s youth population, which will certainly help in galloping the economy ahead in the double digits.  A huge population creates demand which is also a major indicator of economic growth of a country. The need is to provide the right share of employment opportunities, education, proper meal and a corruption free environment.

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