How To Cite The Declaration Of Independence Mla Bibliography Examples

When citing the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution itself, do not cite it in the "Works Cited" list. Both are considered well-known documents that are only cited in a parenthetical reference.

The first time you reference the work, include the institutional author (US) and date (1776) in your parenthetical reference.

Ex: ". . . in the Declaration of Independence (US 1776)."

If you refer to a specific section, parenthetically reference it in your text.

Ex: ". . . In the Constitution of the United States, Article II (sec.1, cl.3) refers to the..."

Ex: ". . . in the U.S. Constitution (art. 2, sec. 1, cl.3.)..."

Advanced citing:

Note MLA does not use the standard legal format for citations. If your paper includes many legal references, MLA suggests consulting the most recent edition of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, which can be found it the Lauinger Reference Stacks, KF246 .U5 2005.

In general, do not italicize, underline, or use quotation marks for the titles of laws, acts, or documents such as the Declaration of Independence, Constitution, or US Code.

The standard format, as recommended in the Bluebook, is the second example here. The symbol "§" means "section".

MLA format:

US Const., art. 1, sec. 1. Print.


Standard legal format: U.S. Const., Art. I, §8, cl. 8 

(Article 1, section 8, clause 8)

Full Bibliographic Citation

MLA

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on The Declaration of Independence (1776).” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. Web. 9 Mar. 2018.

The Chicago Manual of Style

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on The Declaration of Independence (1776).” SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/declaration/ (accessed March 9, 2018).

APA

SparkNotes Editors. (n.d.). SparkNote on The Declaration of Independence (1776). Retrieved March 9, 2018, from http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/declaration/

In Text Citation

MLA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors).

APA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors, n.d.).

Footnote

The Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago requires the use of footnotes, rather than parenthetical citations, in conjunction with a list of works cited when dealing with literature.

1 SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on The Declaration of Independence (1776).” SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/declaration/ (accessed March 9, 2018).


Please be sure to cite your sources. For more information about what plagiarism is and how to avoid it, please read our article on The Plagiarism Plague. If you have any questions regarding how to use or include references to SparkNotes in your work, please tell us.

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