Importance of freedom of press
What is Freedom?
The freedom means those people, who state the liberty, or right and privileged to speak according to their will.
Freedom is that opportunity, which we should never avoid and in all bad situation, it gives all rights to handle the problems.
What is Press?
Press and media are the vital way to express and speech some views and opinions in the democratic country. It is the medium of expressing an opinion of the people. It justifies the individual right to speech and expression, a coveted right enshrined in the Indian constitution and the law of the other country on the globe.
Sources of press
The media prefers that all sources get opinion towards their speech and expression. The print, electronic and online press and media is the medium of expressing opinion of the people
Newspaper (Print media)
The media is referring to the newspaper industry. It is the print media for voice their views on the democracy.
Television and Radio Broadcasting (Electronic Media)
Tv and radio broadcasting is also the important part of the media and press.
Online news websites and blogs (Online Media)
In developing country, there are the all views and opinions of the press and media also available in online news websites and blogs.
Freedom of speech and expression
The Indian constitution has declared the great freedom of expression and speech. It is the fundamental rights of every citizen of India.
India is a democratic country. There are a large number of people are living, so it is superb to that Indian constitution facilitates the rights for the every citizen. The restrictions that apply to the “freedom of speech and expression” also apply to the “freedom of press and media.”
Why freedom of press and media is important?
A free press and media are vital in the democratic country. There is some importance is given to the press and media are following as:
- The press and media enjoy the greater opportunity of freedom in the democratic country.
- They are independent among important checking on government and administrators.
- The press and media are free to raise voice against any social ill or wrong. It is the internal vigilance of the price of liberty.
- Press and media can also raise voice against any dictatorship, corruption and mal practices.
- They work day and night and deliver the accurate news with the high speed. They complete their duties always.
- No one people will get information about the country without the press and media.
- Press and media are also necessary for the fulfillment of the democratic ideologies.
Duties and Responsibilities of press and media
Some of the responsibilities of the press and media are given below:
- The press and media should work towards the strengthening the sovereignty and integrity of a nation.
- Duty of the press and media is to build an environment, where every citizen of the country can cultivate the unity and harmony.
Freedom in democratic countries
- The press and media are lesser freedom in the democratic countries because there are wrath of ruling government against any newspaper may snatch its freedom.
- The man’s dignity easily can know in the democratic countries by the press and media, and hence there lies the importance of maintaining its freedom.
- Press and media debates on the one subject in democratic countries and it became large topic of debating issue and they have that freedom to allow it on debate issue, which is still unsettled.
- They have freedom to ask a question in democratic countries, which is unsettled issue.
Control over the freedom of press
It is accepted by us the freedom of press and media is significant but sometime the freedom of press is handle by their owner.
- Especially, in India, the press is frequently alleged. There are the ownership for the press and media.
- It is danger for the press because the ownership of the newspaper industry and the predominance of some newspaper groups and chains.
- The journalists have the adequate freedom for collecting and disseminating facts and offering comments as they are under the pressure of the capitalistic owners.
- It is not possible in the case of newspapers which depend to a large extent on revenue from advertisements as the advertising interests cannot but influence the presentation of news and comments.
- This whole system is control over by the newspaper industry, which is manner of the economic management of the press. It suggest that press are not free.
Importance of constitutional amendment
It is important for develop the state powerful in India. It is necessity to ensure develop the economy of the state. All these difficulties in the way of ensuring that the Press can have the maximum freedom to carry out its function of collecting facts about different facets of national life, analyzing them and commenting upon them so as to keep the general body of citizens in our young democracy well informed show that the Press requires some special protection.
In the article 19, the Indian constitution has held the some authorities and rights to freedom of speech. There are two rights under article 19.
The Indian constitution protects the freedom of press and it is the judicial decisions, which have the clear the fundamental rights are conferred only on citizens and not an association of citizens. Due to present times, the newspaper cannot normally brought by the individual. It can only brought by the corporate bodies.
There are the uses of pre-censorship in the newspaper. It is a authority and power of the press. Even the country is not faced by an emergency due to external aggression or internal rebellion or similar circumstances. This authority is given by the government to the press and media.
We all living in this country and we should be aware towards all thing. The actualization of national principles and ideologists, people should have co-ordination with between the government policies and people’s vision. The freedom of press and media is important.
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
THE RIGHTS OF THE PRESS
SHOULD PRESS BE REALLY FREE?
A FREE PRESS– THE BACKBONE OF DEMOCRACY
JOURNALISM IN INDIA
“I would rather have a free Press, with all the dangers that may result from a wrong use of that freedom, than a suppressed or strangulated Press.” – J.L. Nehru
“Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without government, I shall not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. -Jefferson
Freedom of the Press is the very foundation of and an essential condition for a successful Democracy. It is the backbone of Democracy. In India, the freedom of the Press has been guaranteed by the Constitution. The Press is supposed to be an active link between the government and the people in a democratic country. It investigates official lapses and makes the facts public. It is, in fact, a watch-dog of democracy. It keeps the government on its toes by exposing its various misdoings and acts as a true mirror of public opinion.
The people in a democratic country have a right to know things and this right is a part of the Fundamental Right of Freedom of Speech and Expression. Hence it is the duty of the Press to keep the people informed, educated and alert. The freedom of the Press does not, however, mean freedom to distort facts, freedom to blackmail people or freedom to indulge in character assassination or cheap sensationalism. The Press is meant to educate public opinion ; it is not meant to incite people to senseless violence. The press is not an enemy of the government ; it is supposed to help government efforts in creating a healthy climate in society. The press is not there to add to the people’s problems and spell misery and dissatisfaction ; it has to work to promote the common weal. The Press has to know its responsibilities. It has to ensure that its writings conform to the national objectives and do not run counter to them.
The Press in India, has by and large, been enjoying complete and unfettered freedom. But, at times, it seems that the Press does not play its part in a responsible manner. The freedom enjoyed by the Press is grossly misused. At times, a section of the Press is clearly committed to a line of thought and refuses to look at things objectively. It looks at things through the tinged glasses of prejudice and indulges in mudslinging and baseless criticism. Not only that, some papers openly promote communal hatred and create unnecessary tensions through baseless news and biased views.
There are some important power groups who start their own papers. These people have either enough money to those papers, periodicals and magazines or have their cells in the government to bag a big chunk of hefty advertisements and mint money. They create a permanent nexus with a particular group or party and go on toeing their line in their papers. They have no scruples or qualms of conscience to do their real duty. Their only duty is to serve their masters and misguide public thought. The government must evolve some mechanism to check all this and make the press accountable to the country in some way.
No one can argue or claim that the freedom of speech and expression is an absolute and unfettered right. No government worth the name can permit irresponsible writings, yellow journalism or slander. The Press should rise to the occasion and assure the government and the people that it would always act as the responsible and enlightened Fourth Estate and would refrain from misusing the freedom granted to it. The Press in India has always been playing a responsible role. In the pre-independence days, it was only the National Press that inculcated a spirit of freedom and sacrifice amongst the masses. It refused to be cowed down by the British threats. The Press must, once again, try to live up to its reputation and try to maintain its noble traditions. It must act as a watch-dog to keep a vigilant eye on the government. Men in power are sometimes likely to run amuck and trample the rights of the have- nots, under their feet. The press must, in such situations, expose the guilty to the full without fear or favour. A vigilant, fearless and responsible Press is an important pillar of strength in a democratic set up. The Press must not, therefore, fail in its duty. The government should also not misuse its powers to scuttle the growth of the Press. Self-restraint and self-discipline alone can contribute to the growth of a healthy Democracy in any country.
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