Essay On Importance Of Computer In Different Fields

Computers are now part of our lives, they play important role in business, education, health care etc. Let’s discuss the importance of computers briefly.

Computer technology has become so much a part of our lives that even imagining a day without it is now out of question. It is there in all the spheres of life.  Even our enjoyment is being controlled by the computer technology.  It can be regarded as the greatest contribution of science, a realization of the dream, “global village”.  In fact, its significance does not require any mention.  Even a three-year old infant is computer-literate at present.  Here is an overview of what computer has done for us.

Importance of computer technology in the field of education

The significance of computers in the field of education still remains a matter of debate.  While some claim that it interferes with the enhancements of the learning skills of children, some argue that it helps them to be good learners.  Error-free processing and documentation can be regarded as the greatest advantages of computer in the field of education.  It allows you to store huge chunks of information for students for future reference.  It comes as a right-hand assistant of teachers with an abundance of audio and video software and applications adaptable to make presentations. The ability to access the worldwide pool of information can be regarded as the greatest advantage of computer technology.  The communication among students, parents and teachers is now the matter of a few seconds.

Searching and accessing information is lot faster and easier in computers.  This makes it a practical substitute for the traditional books with hundreds and thousands of pages.  Besides, the process of learning becomes much more interesting and lively with the facilities like live webcasts, PowerPoint presentations etc.  And, now, the jobs like preparing test papers is just the matter of a few minutes of your time.

 Importance of computer in the work place

Computer is now an integral part of our professional life.  The greatest benefit professionals would have from the use of computer is the great savings from a paperless office.  However, the security of information remains a matter of concern.  If you are able to effectively use the security features provided in computers, you can get over this difficulty.  The ability to access from wherever you are is another great advantage of the computer technology.

A computer with access to the Internet attached to a printer is a way to save huge.  Since the computers are capable of doing multiple tasks simultaneously, it comes as a cost-effective option to replace several departments singlehandedly.

The advancements like online banking which allows you to do financial transactions from the comforts of one’s own home have made it impossible to spend even a single day without computers.

With the innovative devices like laptops and notebooks, computer is ready to accompany you wherever you go.

However, if you wish to enjoy all these advantages for a long time, it is a must that you take good care of it.  Make sure that you install a good antivirus in your computer and update it regularly.  Do not forget to update your drivers on a regular basis.

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Computer - Applications


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In this chapter, we will discuss the application of computers in various fields.

Business

A computer has high speed of calculation, diligence, accuracy, reliability, or versatility which has made it an integrated part in all business organizations.

Computer is used in business organizations for −

  • Payroll calculations
  • Budgeting
  • Sales analysis
  • Financial forecasting
  • Managing employee database
  • Maintenance of stocks, etc.

Banking

Today, banking is almost totally dependent on computers.

Banks provide the following facilities −

  • Online accounting facility, which includes checking current balance, making deposits and overdrafts, checking interest charges, shares, and trustee records.

  • ATM machines which are completely automated are making it even easier for customers to deal with banks.

Insurance

Insurance companies are keeping all records up-to-date with the help of computers. Insurance companies, finance houses, and stock broking firms are widely using computers for their concerns.

Insurance companies are maintaining a database of all clients with information showing −

  • Procedure to continue with policies
  • Starting date of the policies
  • Next due installment of a policy
  • Maturity date
  • Interests due
  • Survival benefits
  • Bonus

Education

The computer helps in providing a lot of facilities in the education system.

  • The computer provides a tool in the education system known as CBE (Computer Based Education).

  • CBE involves control, delivery, and evaluation of learning.

  • Computer education is rapidly increasing the graph of number of computer students.

  • There are a number of methods in which educational institutions can use a computer to educate the students.

  • It is used to prepare a database about performance of a student and analysis is carried out on this basis.

Marketing

In marketing, uses of the computer are following −

  • Advertising − With computers, advertising professionals create art and graphics, write and revise copy, and print and disseminate ads with the goal of selling more products.

  • Home Shopping − Home shopping has been made possible through the use of computerized catalogues that provide access to product information and permit direct entry of orders to be filled by the customers.

Healthcare

Computers have become an important part in hospitals, labs, and dispensaries. They are being used in hospitals to keep the record of patients and medicines. It is also used in scanning and diagnosing different diseases. ECG, EEG, ultrasounds and CT scans, etc. are also done by computerized machines.

Following are some major fields of health care in which computers are used.

  • Diagnostic System − Computers are used to collect data and identify the cause of illness.

  • Lab-diagnostic System − All tests can be done and the reports are prepared by computer.

  • Patient Monitoring System − These are used to check the patient's signs for abnormality such as in Cardiac Arrest, ECG, etc.

  • Pharma Information System − Computer is used to check drug labels, expiry dates, harmful side effects, etc.

  • Surgery − Nowadays, computers are also used in performing surgery.

Engineering Design

Computers are widely used for Engineering purpose.

One of the major areas is CAD (Computer Aided Design) that provides creation and modification of images. Some of the fields are −

  • Structural Engineering − Requires stress and strain analysis for design of ships, buildings, budgets, airplanes, etc.

  • Industrial Engineering − Computers deal with design, implementation, and improvement of integrated systems of people, materials, and equipment.

  • Architectural Engineering − Computers help in planning towns, designing buildings, determining a range of buildings on a site using both 2D and 3D drawings.

Military

Computers are largely used in defence. Modern tanks, missiles, weapons, etc. Military also employs computerized control systems. Some military areas where a computer has been used are −

  • Missile Control
  • Military Communication
  • Military Operation and Planning
  • Smart Weapons

Communication

Communication is a way to convey a message, an idea, a picture, or speech that is received and understood clearly and correctly by the person for whom it is meant. Some main areas in this category are −

  • E-mail
  • Chatting
  • Usenet
  • FTP
  • Telnet
  • Video-conferencing

Government

Computers play an important role in government services. Some major fields in this category are −

  • Budgets
  • Sales tax department
  • Income tax department
  • Computation of male/female ratio
  • Computerization of voters lists
  • Computerization of PAN card
  • Weather forecasting

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